Macular Degeneration is a deterioration of the central portion of the retina, known as the macula. The macula is responsible for focusing central vision in the eye. This controls our ability to recognize faces and colors, drive, read, and see objects in fine detail.
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is considered incurable and is the leading cause of vision loss. The biggest risk factor for Macular Degeneration is age, with the disease being most likely to occur in those 55 and older. Other factors include genetics, smoking- which doubles your risk for AMD, and race- Caucasians are more likely to develop AMD.
There is currently no cure for AMD. There are, however, ways to reduce your risk and if already diagnosed, could possibly slow the progression of the disease. Lifestyle changes, such as dieting, exercise, not smoking, and wearing sunglasses with UV protection can help.
If you have questions about Macular Degeneration, call Heart of Texas Eye Institute today.